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Over 4 lakh candidates appeared for the MHTCET 2023 exam. To accommodate all candidates effectively, the State Common Entrance Test Cell of Maharashtra implemented different sessions, each offering a unique set of questions with varying difficulty levels.
But what if the MHTCET paper of your shift was difficult? And your friend’s was easy? How will fairness be ensured?
Through the MHTCET’s Score Normalization Process of course!
Normalization is a process in which the scores secured across different exam shifts are adjusted to a common scale. Thus, every candidate’s performance is evaluated based on similar exam parameters. This ensures that candidates are neither benefited nor at a disadvantage due to the difficulty level of their shift examination.
The end result (i.e. your MHTCET score) of this normalization process is represented in terms of a percentile score.
STEP 1: Distribution of Examinees
In order to distribute the examinees evenly, candidates will be randomly assigned to four sessions over the course of two days, with two shifts per day. The goal here is to ensure that each session has a roughly equal number of candidates.
Session1: Day1 Batch1
Session2: Day1 Batch2
Session3: Day2 Batch1
Session 4: Day2 Batch2
If there are additional days or shifts required, the candidates will be divided accordingly to maintain fairness in the distribution. This approach ensures that there is no bias in the allocation of candidates for the examination. Moreover, considering the large number of examinees across the country, the likelihood of any bias occurring in the distribution becomes highly unlikely.
STEP 2: Preparing Results for Each Session
The results for each session will be prepared in two formats:
A quick look at percentile scores and how to calculate them
Percentile scores are your raw marks transformed into a scale of 100 to 0 for each session, where 100 is the highest score obtained in each session.
Here’s how to calculate the percentile score of a candidate:
100 * (No. of candidates appeared in the session with raw score ≤ candidate's score) ÷ Total number of candidates in the exam
Note: The percentile score should not be confused with the percentage of marks obtained by the candidate. The percentile of the total score will not be an aggregate or average of the percentiles of individual subjects.
In order to better grasp the concept of percentile scoring and the normalization process, let's consider an example.
Suppose a test was conducted in 4 sessions as per the details given below:
(I) Distribution of candidates:
Session1: Day1 Batch1
Session2: Day1 Batch2
Session3: Day2 Batch1
Session 4: Day2 Batch2


No. of Candidates 
Marks 

Session 
DayBatch 
Absent 
Present 
Total 
Highest 
Lowest 
1 
D1 B1 
150 
2249 
2399 
154 
1 
2 
D1 B2 
186 
2272 
2458 
157 
0 
3 
D2 B1 
215 
2216 
2431 
149 
0 
4 
D2 B2 
166 
2257 
2423 
161 
0 
According to this scoring method, the highest raw score in each paper will be assigned a percentile of 100. This indicates that 100% of the candidates have scores equal to or lower than the highest scorer or topper in that session.
For each session, the highest raw scores will be assigned a normalized percentile score of 100.
Session 
Total Candidates Appeared 
Highest Raw Score 
Candidates Who Scored EQUAL OR LESS THAN the Highest Raw Score 
Percentile Score 
Remarks 
1 
2249 
154 
2249 
100.0000000 [(2249/2249)*100] 
i.e. all the highest raw scores would be normalized to 100 Percentile Score for their respective session.

2 
2272 
157 
2272 
100.0000000 [(2272/2272)*100] 

3 
2216 
149 
2216 
100.0000000 [(2216/2216)*100] 

4 
2257 
161 
2257 
100.0000000 [(2257/2257)*100] 
The percentile scores of all the lowest raw scores will be determined based on the total number of candidates who have taken the examination in their respective session.
Session 
Total Candidates Appeared 
Lowest Raw Score 
Candidates Who Scored EQUAL OR LESS THAN Lowest Raw Score 
Percentile Score 
Remarks 
1 
2249 
1 
2 
(2/2249)[(2/2249)*100] 
Percentile Score of all the lowest raw scores are different i.e. Percentile Score depends on the total number of candidates who have taken the examination for their respective session.

2 
2272 
0 
2 
(2/2272)[(2/2272)*100] 

3 
2216 
0 
1 
(1/2216)[(1/2216)*100] 

4 
2257 
0 
2 
(2/2257)[(2/2257)*100] 
The percentile score will serve as the normalized score for the examination, replacing the raw marks of the candidate. To avoid clustering or ties, the percentile scores will be calculated up to 7 decimal places.
The scores will be calculated separately for each of the three subjects (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry) and the overall total score as follows:
Total Percentile (T1P) = 100 * (No. of candidates appeared from session with raw score equal to or less than T1 score ÷ Total no. of candidates appeared in the session)
Mathematics Percentile (M1P) = 100 * (No. of candidates appeared from session with raw score equal to or less than M1 score in Mathematics ÷ Total no. of candidates appeared in the session)
Physics Percentile (P1P) = 100 * (No. of candidates appeared from session with raw score equal to or less than P1 score in Physics ÷ Total no. of candidates appeared in the session)
Chemistry Percentile (C1P) = 100 * (No. of candidates appeared from session with raw score equal to or less than C1 score in Chemistry ÷ Total no. of candidates appeared in the session)
STEP 3: Compilation of MHTCET Scores
The total MHTCET scores will be compiled as follows:
The percentile scores for the Total Raw Scores in all four sessions (calculated in Step2), will be combined and referred to as the CET scores. These scores will be utilised for the compilation of the final results.
Separate percentiles will be calculated for the Total Raw Score as well as the Raw Scores in the three subjects (Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry) in all four sessions.
PERCENTILE : SESSION1 i.e. DAY1 Batch1 

Roll Number 
Physics 
Chemistry 
Mathematics 
PCM Total 


Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
D1 B101 
38 
89.2841263 
30 
100 
86 
99.9555358 
154 
100 
D1 B102 
45 
100 
26 
99.0217875 
83 
98.9773233 
154 
100 
D1 B103 
45 
100 
22 
92.0409071 
86 
99.9555358 
153 
99.9119718 
D1 B104 
45 
100 
22 
92.0409071 
86 
99.9555358 
153 
99.9119718 
D1 B105 
45 
100 
26 
99.0217875 
82 
98.710538 
153 
99.9119718 
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D1 B12244 
3 
3.5571365 
2 
6.8030236 
2 
2.4010671 
7 
1.3644366 
D1 B12245 
2 
2.4455313 
0 
1.2449978 
3 
2.801245 
5 
1.2323944 
D1 B12246 
1 
1.734104 
0 
1.2449978 
3 
2.801245 
4 
1.1883803 
D1 B12247 
0 
0.3112494 
2 
6.8030236 
0 
0.5780347 
2 
1.1443662 
D1 B12248 
0 
0.3112494 
1 
2.7567808 
0 
0.5780347 
1 
1.1003521 
D1 B12249 
1 
1.734104 
0 
1.2449978 
0 
0.5780347 
1 
1.1003521 
PERCENTILE : SESSION2 i.e. DAY1 Batch2 

Roll Number 
Physics 
Chemistry 
Mathematics 
PCM Total 

Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 

D1 B201 
45 
100 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
157 
100 
D1 B202 
45 
100 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
157 
100 
D1 B203 
45 
100 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
157 
100 
D1 B204 
41 
97.5792254 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
153 
99.8679577 
D1 B205 
41 
97.5792254 
26 
94.6742958 
86 
100 
153 
99.8679577 
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↓ 
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↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
D1 B22268 
3 
4.665493 
1 
2.1126761 
0 
0.528169 
4 
0.2200704 
D1 B22269 
2 
3.3010563 
0 
0.9242958 
1 
0.9683099 
3 
0.1760563 
D1 B22270 
1 
2.4647887 
0 
0.9242958 
0 
0.528169 
1 
0.1320423 
D1 B22271 
0 
0.4841549 
0 
0.9242958 
0 
0.528169 
0 
0.0880282 
D1 B22272 
0 
0.4841549 
0 
0.9242958 
0 
0.528169 
0 
0.088028 
PERCENTILE : SESSION3 i.e. DAY2 Batch1 

Roll Number 
Physics 
Chemistry 
Mathematics 
PCM Total 


Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
D2 B101 
37 
96.6155235 
30 
100 
82 
99.8646209 
149 
100 
D2 B102 
41 
99.4584838 
26 
96.6155235 
82 
99.8646209 
149 
100 
D2 B103 
45 
100 
23 
87.8610108 
78 
98.5108303 
146 
99.9119718 
D2 B104 
41 
99.4584838 
26 
96.6155235 
79 
99.0974729 
146 
99.9119718 
D2 B105 
41 
99.4584838 
30 
100 
74 
94.9909747 
145 
99.8239437 
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↓ 
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↓ 
↓ 
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D2 B12212 
2 
5.099278 
1 
1.2635379 
2 
3.4747292 
5 
2.7288732 
D2 B12213 
1 
3.2039711 
2 
3.8357401 
2 
3.4747292 
5 
2.7288732 
D2 B12214 
1 
3.2039711 
2 
3.8357401 
2 
3.4747292 
5 
2.7288732 
D2 B12215 
3 
8.4837545 
0 
0.5866426 
0 
1.0379061 
3 
2.5528169 
D2 B12216 
0 
1.0830325 
0 
0.5866426 
0 
1.0379061 
0 
2.5088028 
PERCENTILE : SESSION4 i.e. DAY2 Batch2 

Roll Number 
Physics 
Chemistry 
Mathematics 
PCM Total 


Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
D2 B201 
41 
100 
30 
100 
90 
100 
161 
100 
D2 B202 
41 
100 
30 
100 
90 
100 
161 
100 
D2 B203 
41 
100 
30 
100 
86 
99.0695614 
157 
99.9113868 
D2 B204 
41 
100 
30 
100 
86 
99.0695614 
157 
99.9113868 
D2 B205 
37 
98.5378821 
30 
100 
90 
100 
157 
99.9113868 
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↓ 
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↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
↓ 
D2 B22253 
3 
14.4882588 
0 
0.664599 
0 
0.7975188 
3 
0.3101462 
D2 B22254 
0 
1.9051839 
2 
4.8294196 
0 
0.7975188 
2 
0.1772264 
D2 B22255 
0 
1.9051839 
0 
0.664599 
1 
1.5950377 
1 
0.1329198 
D2 B22256 
0 
1.9051839 
0 
0.664599 
0 
0.7975188 
0 
0.0886132 
D2 B22257 
0 
1.9051839 
0 
0.664599 
0 
0.7975188 
0 
0.0886132 
The percentile scores obtained from all four sessions will be merged to calculate the total percentile, Mathematics percentile, Physics percentile and Chemistry percentile. These merged percentile scores will be used to prepare the CET scores.
PERCENTILE: All 4 Sessions Combined 

Roll Number 
Physics 
Chemistry 
Mathematics 
PCM Total 


Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
Raw Score 
Percentile 
D1 B101 
38 
89.2841263 
30 
100 
86 
99.9555358 
154 
100 
D1 B102 
45 
100 
26 
99.0217875 
83 
98.9773233 
154 
100 
D1 B201 
45 
100 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
157 
100 
D1 B202 
45 
100 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
157 
100 
D1 B203 
45 
100 
30 
100 
82 
99.9559859 
157 
100 
D2 B101 
37 
96.6155235 
30 
100 
82 
99.8646209 
149 
100 
D2 B102 
41 
99.4584838 
26 
96.6155235 
82 
99.8646209 
149 
100 
D2 B201 
41 
100 
30 
100 
90 
100 
161 
100 
D2 B202 
41 
100 
30 
100 
90 
100 
161 
100 
D1 B103 
45 
100 
22 
92.0409071 
86 
99.9555358 
153 
99.9119718 
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D2 B22253 
3 
14.4882588 
0 
0.664599 
0 
0.7975188 
3 
0.3101462 
D1 B22268 
3 
4.665493 
1 
2.1126761 
0 
0.528169 
4 
0.2200704 
D2 B22254 
0 
1.9051839 
2 
4.8294196 
0 
0.7975188 
2 
0.1772264 
D1 B22269 
2 
3.3010563 
0 
0.9242958 
1 
0.9683099 
3 
0.1760563 
D2 B22255 
0 
1.9051839 
0 
0.664599 
1 
1.5950377 
1 
0.1329198 
D1 B22270 
1 
2.4647887 
0 
0.9242958 
0 
0.528169 
1 
0.1320423 
D2 B22256 
0 
1.9051839 
0 
0.664599 
0 
0.7975188 
0 
0.0886132 
D2 B22257 
0 
1.9051839 
0 
0.664599 
0 
0.7975188 
0 
0.0886132 
D1 B21328 
0 
0.4841549 
0 
0.9242958 
0 
0.528169 
0 
0.0880282 
D1 B295 
0 
0.4841549 
0 
0.9242958 
0 
0.528169 
0 
0.0880282 
Note: The roll numbers provided in the table are only for representation and not actual roll numbers
The percentile scores will be calculated in a similar manner for Biology and overall scores in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB).
With so many students banking on the MHTCET scores for their chosen academic paths, fairness is the basis of their merit. While this Normalization Process might seem tedious, it is nonetheless essential.
If you find this blog informative, then share it with other aspirants as well.
Thank you for reading.
All the best for your results!
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